بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّ حِيْمِ
One of the reasons why Prophet Muhammad (pboh) was very successful was because he was able to instil in the minds of the people that they were all children of Adam; and as a result they were all part of the one big human family. This was confirmed by the Qur'anic verses in which Allah says:
Mankind was one single nation; (2:213)
Before the coming of Prophet Muhammad (pboh), the Children of Israel who had the responsibility of establishing Allah's religion on earth, were much disunited. They were in tribes, twelve in all; and they were all distinct and separate. One tribe never really interacted with the other; so much so, that when they wanted water, and Allah told Moses to strike the rock, twelve separate springs came out, one for each tribe.
Arabia where the Prophet (pboh) was born,
there were tribalism, and they used to fight one another regularly. There was
no concept of one big happy human family.
Prophet Muhammad (pboh) demonstrated that all the people can live like one community, thereby avoiding bloodshed. He gave a practical example when the Black Stone had to be put in its place after the Kaba was renovated. He put the Stone on a sheet and let the tribal leaders hold on to the sheet and carried to the spot where it had to be placed and he took it and put it in; that action of his prevented quarrelling and anything that would have resulted from the open disagreement.
Islam wants that people live like one community, immaterial of their racial, religious or political affiliation. The only way for this to be a reality is if the hearts are filled with love for each other. Allah says:
You were enemies and He joined your hearts in love; and you were on the brink of the abyss of fire and He saved you from it. (3:103)
Unlike the previous Messengers the Holy Prophet (pboh) came to the whole of mankind. Allah tells us about this in the following verse:
Say; (O Muhammad), O mankind; verily, I am sent unto you all as a Messenger of Allah (7:158)
This call of his was so different from the call of the previous Messengers; for example; Jesus told the people: I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the House of
Islam came to bind the whole of humanity into one community, i.e. all those who believe in Allah and the Last Day. Each believer is like a single strand in a rope. Joined together they make a strong rope. Allah says:
Hold fast all of you to the rope of Allah and be not disunited (or separate). (3:103)
In order to achieve this Allah gave them the guiding principle, called M'aruf permissible, and Munkar prohibited. All believers are guided by the Qur'anic guidance and the Traditions of the Prophet (pboh).
In order to be able to like brothers and sisters in the faith there are certain important principles that must be practiced by everyone. The first of these is to love for the sake of Allah.
A Muslim has to live a life of love. He has to love Allah more than any thing else in this world. Allah says:
Those of faith are overflowing in their love for Allah. (2:165)
The next important thing is to love the Prophet (pboh) more than any thing else in this world. Prophet Muhammad (pboh) is reported to have said:
He is not a true believer who does not love me more than his parents, his children and mankind at large.
After loving Allah and His Rasul (pboh), the believer is supposed to love mankind sincerely for the sake of Allah. In this connection the Prophet (pboh) said to his companions:
You will not enter
Paradise until you
have faith; and you will not have faith until you love each other. Shall I
direct you to something which if you fulfil you will love one another? Spread peace
among yourselves. (Muslim)
The Prophet (pboh) used to demonstrate so much compassion for the people, especially when they went the wrong way that Allah had to console him in the following verse:
Perchance, you would only fret yourself to death, following after them in grief, if they do not believe in this Message. (18:6)
So the Prophet (pboh) demonstrated genuine, sincere love for the people; even his enemies - the wife of Abu Lahab - and as a result people were attracted to him.
One of the important ways of demonstrating true love for the Islamic Brotherhood, and as a matter of fact, for society at large, is to love for your brother what you would like for yourselves.
Prophet Muhammad (pboh) is reported to have said: Each of you cannot be a true believer until he loves for his brother what he would like for himself.
Muslims are very considerate to their believing brothers and sisters, and some of them even go out of their way to help those who might be in difficulties. About such people Allah says;
And they prefer their brothers over themselves, even if they are hungry. (59:9)
So Islam brought the principles of love and consideration for others; this has nothing to do with race, religion or nationality. And when there are differences and the believer becomes angered, he cannot hate the other person; as he is supposed to: Hate the evil but not the evil doer. The Messenger of Allah said: I'd like to meet my brother with a clean heart.
Muslim live by the principle of helping one another in times of difficulties; in this connection the Prophet (pboh) is reported to have said: Whoever relieves a brother from a distress; Allah will relieve him from a distress on the Day of Judgement; whoever brings ease to a believer who is in difficulty; Allah will bring ease to him in both this life and in the next; whoever conceals the short comings of a Muslim; Allah will conceal his short comings in this world and in the next. Allah will always help a servant as long as that servant helps his brother.
The Holy Qur'an establishes an important principle for strengthening the bond that keeps all the believers, the world over as one family; that principle is:
Help ye one another in good deeds and piety; and do not help one another in sin and rancour. (5:2)
So any where in the world the Muslims may find themselves in difficulties, the other Muslims brothers and sisters will be available to assist them. Allah says:
The Believers, men and women, are protectors one to another; they enjoin what is just; and forbid what is evil; they observe regular prayers; practice regular charity; and obey Allah and His Messenger. (9:71)
Because the believer is concerned about the welfare of his believing brother and sister, he will not try to hurt or harm any of them in any way at all. Allah says that they practice compassion among themselves.
As an extension of their kindness and trust to each other, they try their best not degrade or to ill-speak one another. This is because they are guided by the Qur'anic injunctions in which Allah says:
O you who believe; do not put yourselves before Allah and His Messenger…This means that a person should not put self before Allah and His Messenger. The companions understood this very well.
O you who believe do not raise your voice above the voice of the Prophet…All Muslims must show respect to the Prophet (pboh);
O you who believe; if a wicked person should come to you with any news, ascertain the truth, lest you harm people unwittingly, and afterwards you become full of repentance for what you have done. A Muslim has be aware that there can be hypocrites in the society bent on making mischief; so that when they should get any news they must firstly verify it before making comments about what they hear.
Allah has made the faith beautiful for you and fill your hearts will with love; and He has made hateful to you wickedness and rebellion…One is supposed to detest what is prohibited.
If two parties among the Believers fall into a quarrel; make peace between them…Do not promote disunity;
The Believers are but a single Brotherhood…Come together as friends
O you who believe, let not some men laugh at others…
Nor let the women laugh at others…Do not think yourself as superior to others
Nor defame, nor be sarcastic to each other, nor call each other by nicknames… Do not try to destroy others
O you who believe, avoid suspicion as much as possible Be sincere and truthful
And do not spy on one another; nor ill-speak your brother behind his back; would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? Be careful of how you behave towards others in society
O mankind verily, We created you from a single pair and made you into nations and tribes. (49:1-13) Understand that you are a part of the human family
The Islamic Institutions are designed to display complete equality and the feeling of brotherhood. There are no preferences among the people, the most honourable in the sight of Allah is the most righteous. Also in worship all the Muslims stand together, removing the barriers of caste and class thereby promoting the feeling of brotherhood amongst the believers.
Not only is that feeling confined to any particular locality, but during the Hajj Muslims meet with brothers and sisters from all over the world, and many of them return to their homes with fond memories of their fiends they made during the Hajj with brothers and sisters they met for the first time from distant lands.
The laws and principles are applicable to all and justice and equity are the hallmarks of this faith. In this way, Allah has given man the system whereby he can feel that he is an important unit in the larger brotherhood of man; if he should practice what Islam gave to us all.
Allah reminds us of this in the following verse:
And remember with gratitude Allah's favour on you; for you were enemies; and He joined your hearts in love; so that, by His Grace, you became brethren; and you were on the brink of the abyss of fire; and He saved you from it….Be not like those who are divided amongst themselves and fall into disputations after receiving clear signs. (3:103-5)
Islam is a beautiful way, and the Muslim brotherhood is one brotherhood, enjoining righteousness and staying away from prohibited things.
Maulana Dr. Waffie Mohammed